Essay about tuberculosis
Introduction Print section Tuberculosis TBchronic or acute bacterial infection that primarily attacks the lungs, but which may also affect the kidneys, bones, lymph nodes, and brain.
These controversies have stemmed from the discussion of whether or not Europeans introduced tuberculosis to the Americas. Due to the discovery of the effective antlmycobacetrial agentsethambutol EMB.
In the year , 0. Transmission 4. Latent TB - the bacteria remain in the body in an inactive state. While TB usually affects the lungs, it can also affect other parts of the body, and the symptoms will vary accordingly. It contains living bacteria, and thus can spread the infection. Ahmad Z, Shameem M. More detail and supporting information is in the main article. Following Koch's discovery, the development of vaccines and effective drug treatment led to the belief that the disease was almost defeated. However, the origins and development of tuberculosis in the New World have been the subject of multiple controversies. In some developing and underdeveloped countries the cause of spread is lower socio-economic status and large overcrowded cities. The Primary TB produces no noticeable symptoms. The World Health Organization estimates that 9 million people a year get sick with TB, with 3 million of these "missed" by health systems TB is among the top 3 causes of death for women aged 15 to 44 TB symptoms cough, fever , night sweats, weight loss, etc. This center provided information on the mass domiciliary application of chemotherapy in the treatment of pulmonary TB.
Most of these symptoms are due to damage of the lungs and the spreading of TB to other body parts may have additional symptoms as well, including feeling tired all the time, a stiff feeling in joints most of the time and eventual function loss of infected body parts . This variant of TB has shown to be resistant to the currently used treatment methods.
Bull Soc Pathol Exot. After about two weeks of effective treatment, subjects with nonresistant active infections generally do not remain contagious to others.
Essay about tuberculosis
Open space for fresh air should be provided in the streets, markets, buildings etc. This can happen when someone that has the active form of tuberculosis in the lungs which has not been treated coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs, or sings. TB affects all age groups and all parts of the world. As there is with any other disease, Tuberculosis, or TB, has its telltale signs and symptoms. This can be because they have an infection, such as HIV, or some other health problem. Tuber Lung Dis. For each literature stated multiple studies with roughly the same results have been found. It is caused by tubercle bacillus discovered by a German scientist. The liver and kidneys: It can impair the waste filtration functions and lead to blood in the urine. The granuloma may prevent dissemination of the mycobacteria and provide a local environment for interaction of cells of the immune system. A report by CDC states that in a third of the world was infected by the disease, 9. The Times of India. A person with fully susceptible MTB may develop secondary acquired resistance during therapy because of inadequate treatment, not taking the prescribed regimen appropriately lack of compliance , or using low-quality medication. However, it could not be determined whether the disease was due to M.
Mycobacteria can be found easily in the environment such as soil and water but M. A single sneeze can release up to 40, droplets. Diagnose method. Since treatment can take several months and it is near impossible to monitor those infected for that length of time on a daily basis, education of the importance of finishing the course of Related Documents Essay Tuberculosis Epidemiology Paper: Tuberculosis Kyle J.
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