The ethics of human cloning essay

The personal and social destructiveness of large-scale eugenic efforts including but by no means limited to Nazi Germany's has been substantial, but at least it has been restricted to date by our limited genetic understanding and technology.

Leon Kass has observed that we have traditionally used the word "procreation" for having children because we have viewed the world, and human life in particular, as created by God. It is no accident that we call what we do when we have babies "procreation.

Ethics of human cloning pdf

Since the beginning of time our race has been evolving with knowledge, constantly searching for a complete understanding of how we function, and how we can improve ourselves. We would do better not even to attempt to justify human cloning by appealing to this type of justification because of its inherent shortcomings. But using other people without their consent for our ends is a violation of their status as beings created in the image of God. From a societal ethical perspective, human cloning is regarded to as a violation of the societal norms and values. Creation is "ex nihilo," out of nothing. Are the children who result from cloning really the siblings or the children of their "parents"--really the children or the grandchildren of their "grandparents"? But if we are tempted to do so, we must be honest and include all the consequences and not be swayed by exceptional cases that seem so appealing because of the special benefits they would achieve. I will begin by explaining the first two justifications. All the other two hundred and seventy four cells failed to develop into adult sheep off-springs Logston, n. If there were enough resources available to fund every technology needed or wanted by anyone, the situation would be different. God loves all persons equally, without bias, and is committed and able to understand and protect the freedom of everyone, people are not.

Surprisingly, out of the two hundred and seventy five transformed new cells, dolly sheep was the only survivor. In fact, Richard Seed, in one of his first in-depth interviews after announcing his intentions to clone human beings commercially, made this very argument.

It is not always known how natural selection impacts these traits, but surely it does and does it differently in different parts of the world or at different times, as a consequence of the development of new vaccines, drugs, and medical treatments, and also as a consequence of changes in lifestyle, such as the reduction of the number of smokers or the increase in the rate of obesity in a particular country.

human cloning ethical or unethical essay

While no scientifically verifiable birth of a human clone has yet been reported, the technology and scientific understanding are already in place to make such an event plausible at any time now. Human cloning is believed to be one of the most popular biotechnological approaches with widespread adoption in the medical field.

Human cloning ethical issues

For many years now there have been extensive discussions about the expense of health care and the large number of people tens of millions , even in the United States, that do not have health insurance. One of these methods is through human reproductive cloning. Human cloning is of two types: therapeutic and reproductive. Who will provide the necessary love and care for the damaged embryo, fetus, or child that results when mistakes are made and it is so much easier just to discard them? So what is the difference between God's creation of human beings, as portrayed in the book of Genesis, and human procreation as happens daily all over the world also mandated by God in Genesis? This paper will give in detail about what is cloning, human cloning and how it is done. In an issue there will always be pros and cons, but the question is, is this experiment right for humanity? Among the most common chromosomal disorders are Down syndrome, caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 21, and various kinds due to the absence of one sex chromosome or the presence of an extra one, beyond the normal condition of XX for women and XY for men. The topic of human cloning inclusively brings up issues also raised in the mentioned technologies. Because we are self-aware, we cannot refrain from asking what lies ahead, and because we are ethical beings, we must choose between alternative courses of action, some of which may appear as good and others as bad. Assessing Autonomy Many people today are less persuaded by utility justifications than they are by appeals to autonomy. We recognize that we could, for example, cut up one person, take her or his various organs for transplant, and save many lives as a result. Creation is "ex nihilo," out of nothing. Particular appeals to "freedom" or "choice" may seem persuasive.

Further research studies followed shortly after, but none of them recorded success. I will begin by explaining the first two justifications. Rather, similar mistakes and loss of human life would be occurring almost simultaneously at various private and public research sites.

Moral issues of cloning

Council on Foreign Relations has commented, Dolly is best understood as a drop in a towering wave of genetic research that is about to crash over us. To begin with, is it acceptable to refer to human beings produced by cloning technology as "clones"? McCarthy, , 98 The first effect of the Dolly announcement was to fire the public …show more content… There the same procedures used to clone Dolly could be used to clone humans. But some scientists tried to explain that human cloning would be more difficult than sheep cloning, because the cells of human embryos start producing proteins at a relatively early stage. Thirty-eight percent were very opposed and believed it should be banned, while 29 percent are somewhat opposed, believing it should be explored as long as it does not get out of control. As of now, no interventions of germ-line therapy are seriously sought by scientists, physicians, or pharmaceutical companies. So we more commonly talk in terms of re"production" rather than pro"creation. Ordinarily, individual are unique in different biological ways. These are the questions that people have been asking. No wonder our respect for human life is deteriorating. Martin's Press, Parents, both of whom have a lethal recessive gene, can produce a child by cloning rather than risk the one-in-four chance that their child will face an early death. Other clones could be produced with unusually high or low mental capacities that would suit them well to do socially needed tasks, for example, challenging problem solving or menial labor. The new organism with identical genes to the donor is usually referred as the clone.

Utility Utility justifications defend a practice based on its usefulness, or benefit. Therefore, the off-spring is a product of the two individuals. The benefits include eradicating defective genes and infertility and a quicker recovery from traumatic injuries among other advantages.

Reproductive cloning ethics

We have understood our creative involvement in terms of and in relation to God's creation. The pressures of city life are partly responsible for the high incidence of mental disorders in certain human societies. One way to obtain stem cells is to divide an early stage embryo into its component cells--thereby destroying the embryonic human being. Such fascination is captured in a variety of films, including "The Boys from Brazil" portraying the attempt to clone Adolf Hitler , "Bladerunner" questioning whether a clone would be more like a person or a machine , and "Multiplicity" presenting a man's attempt to have enough time for his family, job, and other pursuits by producing several live adult replicas of himself. What is particularly significant about this "procreation," this "creation for," is that by its very nature it is subject to an outside agenda, to God's agenda primarily, and secondarily to the needs of the child being created. By , for example, scientist Richard Seed had announced intentions to set up a Human Clone Clinic--first in Chicago, then in ten to twenty locations nationally, then in five to six locations internationally. Consciously or unconsciously, selfish and other base motives arise within us continually, and without countervailing influences, there is nothing in an autonomy outlook to ensure that the well-being of others will be protected. PKU is due to an inability to metabolize the amino acid phenylalanine with devastating mental and physical effects. It is also what is problematic about producing clones to provide spare parts, such as vital transplantable organs for other people. In this sense, cloning is just the tip of a much larger genetic iceberg. But human cloning represents one concrete step in that direction, and the forces pushing us from behind to take that step are tremendous. Examples of multifactorial diseases are spina bifida and cleft palate. As of now, no interventions of germ-line therapy are seriously sought by scientists, physicians, or pharmaceutical companies. The process of genome transfer from the donor individual to the new cell is usually very complex.
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Cloning humans? Biological, ethical, and social considerations